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At times in the past, the Punjab and its population have enjoyed a special political identity as well as a cultural identity.
During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries , the region was administered as a province of the Mogul Empire.
The Punjab has also been one of the great crossroads of southern Asian history.
Nomadic tribes speaking Indo-European languages descended from the mountain passes in the northwest to settle on the plains of the Punjab around 1700 .
The Shiwaliks, the outer foothills of the Himalayas, define the Punjab's eastern boundary.
The region is a vast plain, drained by the Indus River and its tributaries.
However, in the redrawing of political boundaries in 1947, the Punjab was divided between India and Pakistan.
In spite of their common cultural heritage, Punjabis are now either Indians or Pakistanis by nationality. About 68 million live in the Pakistan Punjab, and just over 20 million live in the Indian state of Punjab.
Britain administered the Punjab as a province of its Indian Empire.The Jats , who are mainly landowners (zamindars) and cultivators, are the largest caste in the Punjab.Other agricultural castes include R a jputs, Arains, Awans, and Gujars.Punjabi was raised to the status of one of India's official languages in 1966.Punjabis have a rich mythology and folklore that includes folktales, songs, ballads, epics, and romances.